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Acne is a disorder which occurs mainly due to the action of hormones on the skin’s oil glands commonly known as Sebaceous glands. Acne are found over most of the body like it may be seen on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders.
Though, Acne is not a severe or dangerous health problem but if present for much longer time, it can lead to disfigurement of face or body parts. It may also lead to permanent scarring which may upset the people who are affected by it.
What is Acne?
Normally, the sebaceous gland forms an oily substance called sebum. This sebum is secreted onto the skin surface through a canal called follicle. The opening of the follicle is known as pore.
Acne occurs when the hair, rebum or cells known as keratinocytes completely fills the follicle thus producing a plug. This plug formation prevents the rebum to reach the surface of the skin through a pore and thus leading to development of Acne.
In the acne rejoin there is ingrowth of bacteria which leads information. Inflammation is characterized by heat, redness, swelling and pain. So, when the follicle, breaks, down it releases everything contained in it like bacterial products, rebum, etc. into the surrounding skin and thus leading to formation of pimple.
Generally, the lesion of acne in also known by other name such as Comedo. If the acne lesion remains below the skin, then it is term as closed comedo not if the reaches the surface of the skin then is termed as opened Comedo.
Causes of Acne
The main cause of acne is the increase in production of harmone called Androgens. The androgens are also known as Male sex harmones. There is increase in secretion of thus hormone both in girls and boys during the stage of Purberty. During Purberty, the increase in hormonal secretion, leads to enlargement of sebaceous gland and hence more sebum is produced and leading to Acne.
Acne is also genetically influenced. If the parents have acne, then there kids are also more prone of developing acne. Use of generally cosmetics may also lead to occurrence of Acne.
Various drugs like lithium, may also cause acne.
Due to rubbing the skin, friction is caused which may cause acne. Various environmental factors such as pollution and high level of humidity also leads to formation of acne. Acne is not caused by chocolate and greasy foods or stress.
Types of Acne
(a) Pimples: Pimples are also known as Pustules. There are normally pus-filled lesions that are red at base.
(b) Nodules: There are large in size and are placed deep within the skin. They are quite painful.
(c) Cysts: Cysts are also painful. They are deeply situated. Cystic lesions contain pus, hence can lead to scarring.
Treatment of Acne
Person should not fear Acne, as something untreatable. Nowadays lots of therapies are available for the treatment of Acne. It can be easily controllable. Person suffering from Acne, should wash his/her face with mild antibacterial soap. It is recommended at least twice a day, but if the skin is too much oily then person may wash it quite often. But over washing or scrubbing should be avoided because it may lead to irritation of the skin and finally may worsen the acne.
Acne sufferer should not keep their hair oily and keep the hair away from the face. Greasy cosmetic such as Vaseline, cold cream, cocoa butter and Vitamin E oil should be avoided. Moreover, the cosmetics should be water based. If the patient consumes well balanced diet, then also acne can be prevented. Person should avoid eating things, to which he is allergic.
Moreover, skin specialists known as Dermatologists are also helpful. Mild acne creams and solutions. Moderate and severe acne are treated by the use of topical medicines with the addition of antibiotics. Acne surgery involves manually removing lesions i.e. blaceheads and whiteheads. Corticosteroid therapy is also helpful.
Acne scars can be treated by Chemical Peel in which the chemical agents are applied to the skin that causes the outer layer to be removed. Laser techniques are also used for the treatment of acne scars. We can say that the Treatment of acne is a continuing process, if use want to control it completely.
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